Hermann Nietzsche, one of the pioneers of the Viennese movement, died

Often in the crosshairs of public opinion, the Austrian artist emerged on the art scene in the 1960s with the tide of Viennese work and gave life to the theater of orgies and puzzles. His performing acts, characterized by naked bodies, butchered animals, blood, and entrails, are documented in the museum dedicated to him in Naples.

Hermann Nitsch.  Rome, 3 October 2017. Photo by Riccardo Pompelli
Hermann Nitsch. Rome, 3 October 2017. Photo by Riccardo Pompelli

The art world says goodbye to Hermann NitschOne of the most controversial artists of the second half of the twentieth century. The artist was born in Vienna in 1938, died at the age of 83. His lifelong artistic research was marked by the desire to liberate body and soul from the assumptions of bourgeois society and from all forms of religious, moral, and sexual taboos. Not surprisingly, he first appeared on the art scene as part of the group Viennese Actionism, along with the artists Gunter BrosAnd Automobile And Rudolf Schwarzkogler, The latter committed suicide a few years later. The group represents the highest bloody expression of European body art, using their bodies as a medium and giving life to actions of very powerful impact. His work is currently on display, in conjunction with the Arte Biennale 2022, at 800 . workshop At Giudecca in Venice. The exhibition is titled Hermann Nietzsche: The Twentieth Work of Painting Organized by Zuecca Projects, the complete collection is presented for the first time in Italy 20. malaktioncreated by Hermann Nitsch at the Wiener Secession in 1987: it’s an impressive collection of paintings comprising 52 works, including the largest canvas ever painted by the artist during his career – 20 meters long – mingling with the powerful red of blood and a sacred and profane painting, Real and symbolic, irritating and sensitive gesture.

Hermann Nitsch and the total work of art

A graduate of the Institute of Experimental Graphics in Vienna, Nietsch is taking his first steps in the field of tachyism, the movement that interprets a culture of informality and enhances the immediacy of the gesture of pouring or spraying color onto the canvas, using the hands directly. It was in 1957 that he began to conceive Orgien Mysterien . theater (Theater of Orgy and Mysteries): It is a complete artistic experience – gesamtkunstwerk – involving all five senses, linked to the psychoanalytic concept of impulse, i.e. emotional discharge that allows the subject to remove traces of dramatic events through the set and ancestral rituals. A liberation of the Freudian sense, where the elements of a deep sensory impulse emerge through a state of psychosomatic arousal.

Hermann Nietzsche, Schüttbild (Action painting), 20th painting work, Vienna Secession 1987. Oil on canvas, 200 x 300 cm.  Photo by Lisle Bieber.  Courtesy of the Nitsch Foundation.  © Atelier Hermann Nich.
Hermann Nietzsche, Schüttbild (Action painting), 20th painting work, Vienna Secession 1987. Oil on canvas, 200 x 300 cm. Photo by Lisle Bieber. Courtesy of the Nitsch Foundation. © Atelier Hermann Nich.

Hermann Nietzsche and the Natural Mysterious Theatre

the first Aktion, blood device, which will be followed by more than a hundred, takes place in December 1962 in Vienna and lasts about 30 minutes, in which the man, chained as if crucified, is covered with a white cap. Not only blood: other elements are gradually added to these procedures, such as meat of eviscerated veal or sheep, animal organs and intestines, urine and liturgical vestments such as cardinals, crumbs, chair, beasts and crosses. “If this painting deduced from my play is to make sense, it must only take place within the theater as a dramatic process, as an event that occurs over time.‘, the artist wrote in the text painting and orgien mysterienStage. “I have developed a storyboard that is ingrained in my theater. Spraying walls has been conceptualized as a theatrical process over time. The work was just as important as the result. This painting became the visual bases of my actions on the pictorial surface and ritual access to performative events. The Dionysian process, this painting of excessive movement often ecstatic, led to the excessive activities of the verbsThe surge has been the hallmark of Nitsch throughout his career, and he has often found himself at odds with public opinion: from the early 1960s, when police in the course of his actions broke into proceedings that attempted to stop them, until the past few years, as moves and petitions have been about his events, especially from Animal rights associations, which denounced the crushing of animal dignity.

Hermann Nitsch F.  Daniela Neuhofer
Hermann Nitsch F. Daniela Neuhofer

Nich Hermann and Naples, “His Second Home”

Besides his loyal opponents, Nitsch’s career was also promoted by prominent supporters. One above all was Giuseppe MoraHis friend and patron of his business since the seventies. His Mora allocates Hermann Nietzsche Museum of Contemporary Art Archive Lab In Naples, he placed it in a former factory built in 1892 to produce electricity. Located in the lively neighborhood of Pontecorvo, it is a space for documentation and in-depth study of philosophical, poetic and visual themes developed by the Viennese master, but also for reflection on the essence, languages ​​and phenomena of art, opening to a heterogeneous programming involving artists, thinkers and professionals from the scientific field or from international institutions. “Art is nature, and through the artistic process a new nature arises, which helps to emphasize, or rather intensify, the very act of creation.“, It is to explain niche In an interview published on Artribune. “Morality, censorship, and the state mean that we can’t really express ourselves fully and completely, which is why we are forced to suppress many aspects of our lives that instead need to resurface. Much of our life is motivated. Through my work I try to make it candid, to bring it out, as is already the case with Greek tragedy or Shakespeare.“.

Memory of the Mora Foundation in Naples

The Mora Foundation shares the pain of losing great artist and friend Hermann Nietsch. Museo Archivio Laboratorio per le Arti Contemporanee is his home, the place where he conducted his most recent work. Naples Symphony In September 2020 as a tribute to Napoli and Giuseppe Mora with whom he shared the joys of constant creativity. Nich holidays celebrated existence, resurrection, perpetual rebirth, and the emergence of life and stimulated the sensibilities of those who participated in them to expand toward an intense sense of being cast into the world. As a sign of mourning, the Murrah Foundation will broadcast the audio from the mov. Fourth of the Symphony n. 7 in Ab .92 composed by Ludwig van Beethoven, as the maestro’s wish was. “The world, our universe, allows us to be reborn at every moment (it also makes us die)”, said mr. “The living, the activation of life, allows us to be reborn always, constantly. The execution of the tragedy, the cross, is imposed in the extreme case of death on the one who learns and understands existence. The experience of joy is the permanent resurrection, and aims at the resurrection. Every angry feast is a feast Existence and resurrection, it is our perpetual rebirth, our evident strength in existence.We have awakened from death, which happens countless times, to the depths of our life-filled being (being)“.

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