Return to Messina “30 books in 30 days”. Appointment, Friday, April 22 at 4 p.m. at the Institute of Biological Resources and Marine Biotechnologies, with the presentation of the volume Pepo Le Cascio “Mushroom of the Knights of Malta. The plant legend of the ancient melitense pharmacy is Cynomorium coccineum Linn.”
An event organized by BCsicilia and the Messina Regional Library. After giving Sabrina Battania, President of BCsicilia Sede di Messina, and greetings to Enzo Foti, Grand Sicilian of the Order of Saint John in Jerusalem, Knight of Malta, and Domenico Internato, University of Rome, Unitelma Sapienza, the letters by Balisio Maniaci, President of UniTRE at Messina, and by Simone Cappello , researcher Cnr-Irbim from Messina. Conclusions of Alfonso Lo Cassio, BCsicilia Regional President. The author will be present. Coordination will be undertaken by Tomasa Seragosa, Director of the Regional University of Messina Library. Limited number event. Reservations can be made via WhatsApp at 389.9761204. At the end of the event, refreshments will be provided to all participants.
The parasitic fungi Cynomorium coccineum Linn. It has proven to have a very long history, with the first mention going back to the time of Job or Jacob (30:4), the patriarch of the Hebrew Bible who saved many human lives from the famines that periodically swept the Palestinian territories. One of these violent acts that struck the land of Canaan, forced Job’s family to migrate to Egypt with their cattle and all their belongings. A series of archival research on the plant and its derivatives made it possible to discover facts and historical and scientific considerations of particular importance: already in the Middle Ages, Arab doctors identified Cynomorium coccineum Linn. , a “pharmaceutical gem”, or rather a natural product containing one or more biologically active ingredients and in the field of pharmacology has been recognized for excellent therapeutic uses. Doctors of that time showed that the plant was irreplaceable for fighting blood disorders in all its bodily manifestations. Its derivatives represent above all an exceptional medicine against stroke and venereal diseases and given in powder form, it was used as a contraceptive, toothpaste and even as a textile dye. The red dye of the plant gave fans another advantage, that it is used by the women of the tribes of the United Arab Emirates as an effective textile dye, very resistant to abrasion and produces a shade close to “blood red”. The Arab-Kindi philosopher and doctor, who practiced in Arabia between the ninth and tenth centuries AD, recommended the use of “mushrooms” also to treat infections caused by subcutaneous globules that cause inflammation, with tissue regeneration. Compared to the definition proposed by the Swedish naturalist Carlo Linnaeus, the Arabs, who are well acquainted with the pharmacological properties of the plant, similarly defined the plant using the terms “Zeb Arbi” and “Zeb Turko”, which more or less agree with the Greek word cynomorium, having the meaning “canini genitalis”.
Pippo Lo Cascio, from Palermo, degree in pedagogical sciences, researcher in history and archeology in the territory of Sicily, author of numerous articles, articles and monographs of a scientific and popular nature. He published the following volumes: Partana Mondello and Its Architectural Heritage, Palermo 1992; Mondello Among the Dungeons and Pirates, Palermo 1995; Isola delle Femmine, Palermo 1996; Sferracavallo, Acicatena-Catania 1996; Sicilian towers for the delegation in 1717, Palermo 2000; Palermo outside the walls. Plain of the Hills, Palermo 2000; Tonnara Mondello. Retrieved Correspondence (17th-20th centuries), Palermo 2001 (et al.); Communication and broadcasting. The Long History of Human Communication from Fannie to the Telegraph, S. Mannelli 2000; Historic and Archaeological Profile of Campofiorito, Corleone 2001 (et al.); Pipes rediscovered (by the Ethnographic Museum “Giuseppe Pettieri”) Palermo 2004; Pirates and Pirates in the Seas of Sicily, Palermo 2004; Stories and Legends of Isola delle Femmine, Palermo 2005, Archaeological Heritage of Monte Gallo. Archaeological Map, Palermo 2005 (together with F. Mercadante); Santa Maria del Bosco. Land ownership of the Calatamoro Monastery: fiefs and plantations, in the Monastery of Santa Maria del Bosco di Calatamoro, Palermo 2006; Knights of Malta, Turks and Barbarians for control of the Mediterranean, Palermo 2006; Sicilian Towers and Torrents, Palermo 2006; Palermo Towers. Plain Defenses and Coastal Fortification Works in the Fifteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Palermo 2006; The towers between Acqua dei Corsari and Sant’Erasmo: protection of the coasts and countryside, Romagnolo and surroundings. From Sant Erasmo to Acqua de Corsari. Memory Paths, Palermo 2007; Sant Erasmo plan. A Thousand Years of History in Marina di Palermo, Palermo 2008; Cards of the coastal horoscopes of the Palermo region (Torre Sant’Elia, Capo Zafferano, Capo Mongerbino, Lanterna del Molo, Monte Pellegrino, Tonnara di Vergine Maria, Rotolo, Addaura, Tonnara di Mondello, Prickly Pear, Mazzone di Gallo, Amari or Dammuso di Gallo, Vuletta, Sferracavallo, Ciachea), in constellations in the coastal landscape of Sicily (13th–19th centuries), Caltanissetta 2008; Monte Gallo. Architectural, ethnic, anthropological and natural heritage. From the Byzantine era to the twentieth century, Palermo 2009 (with F. Mercadante): La Valle dello Iato between Archeology and History, Palermo 2011 (et alii); Stairs, Nevers and Trazer. Historical Routes of Communication, Trade, and Economy in the Province of Palermo, Between the Fourteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Palermo 2012: Solomon’s Knot. The millennium symbol of human history. Compound ropes and braids in Sicilian ethno-historical notation (2nd and 3rd centuries AD to the 20th century), Palermo 2014; Sinan Paksa aka Scipione Cicala. Messina in the Service of the Turks at the Sublime Gate of Constantinople and Islamic Culture in Europe, Terme Vigliator (ME) 2016; Lighthouses of Vanni and Sicily. From ancient connections with fire to electricity, in Scrutando il mare: Lanterns, Lighthouses and Lanterns in Sicily, Villabate (Palermo) 2016 (et alii); Between Spain, France and the Netherlands. The Civil War at Messina (1674-1678), op. first publication, Messina 2022; Mushroom Knights of Malta. Ancient melitense pharmacy legend plant: Cynomorium coccineum Linn. , Palermo 2020; From Sant Erasmo to Castellammare del Golfo. Historical, Natural and Religious Aspects, Camus 2020; The Religious Communities of the Ballermitans Piane dei Colli and di Gallo. The birth and development of the Church of Santa Maria degli Angeli in Partana Mondello, Palermo 2022. He is also the author of some of the archaeological finds he has published for the review Sicilia Archeologica: Among the main articles: Sòlanto: New Archaeological Discoveries (1990); Topographical Survey in Cozzo Paparina (Altofonte) (1990); Military settlement along the Militia River: Pizzo San Nicola (1991); Watchtower on the coast of Palermo. Il Dammuso di Gallo or Torre Amari 1992; Mirabella lace. Military settlement of the Swabian period (1994); Caramola Cave in Fossa del Gallo (Mondello Palermo) (1995); Santana Tower and Hypogen Basilica in San Martino delle Scale (Palermo) (1996); Roman Farms in Marino (Palermo) (1997); The prickly pear tower in Mondello (1998); mud net weights (1999); Two trappeti della cannamela in the Palermo region (2001).